Bears Ears and Grand Staircase-Escalante
National Monuments

Map source

Proposal to President Barak Obama for the Creation of Bears Ears National Monument
Bears Ears Inter-tribal Coalition
October 15, 2015

Presidential Proclamation -- Establishment of the Bears Ears National Monument
December 28, 2016

Source: Utah Dine Bikeyah

Final Report Summarizing Findings of the Review of Designations Under the Antiquites Act
Memorandum for the President from Ryan K. Zinke, August 24, 2017

Presidential Proclamation Modifying the Bears Ears National Monument
December 4, 2017

Presidential Proclamation Modifying the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
December 4, 2017

Other Links

Edge of Morning
Native Voices Speak for the Bears Ears

Bears Ears: a Native Perspective

President Trump's Bears Ears Order Is An Illegal Attack On Tribal Sovereignty
Op-ed by John E. Echohawk, Executive Director, Native American Rights Fund

Native American Rights Fund Files Suit to Protect Bears Ears

The Native American Rights Fund, headquartered in Boulder, provides legal assistance to Native American tribes, organizations and individuals nationwide.

NARF Bears Ears Complaint

"This case arises from President Trump's unlawful attempt to revoke and replace a national monument of major historic and scientific importance in violation of the United States Constitution and the Antiquities Act of 1906.""

Earthjustice Group Files Lawsuit

Earthjustice represents nine groups challenging President Trump's unlawful action: The Wilderness Society, the National Parks Conservation Association, the Sierra Club, the Grand Canyon Trust, Defenders of Wildlife, Great Old Broads for Wilderness, Western Watersheds Project, WildEarth Guardians, and the Center for Biological Diversity. The Natural Resources Defense Council and Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance are co-plaintiffs in the case, represented by counsel from those organizations.

Earthjustice Complaint

"This case challenges President Donald J. Trump's unlawful proclamation of December 4, 2017, dismantling the Bears Ears National Monument (the Monument) and replacing it with two much smaller, noncontiguous units covering just fifteen percent of the original Monument's area."

Earthjustice: Defending Bears Ears National Monument

Conservation Groups File Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument Lawsuit
December 4, 2017


"This case challenges President Donald J. Trump's unlawful December 4, 2017 proclamation that attempts to revoke monument status and protections from roughly half of the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument (the Monument), which was designated in 1996 pursuant to the Antiquities Act of 1906.

We the undersigned 121 law professors
With 10 Attachments
July 6, 2017

"We the undersigned 121 law professors with expertise in environmental, natural resources, and administrative law, and related fields, submit these comments to express our serious concerns with the process initiated by Executive Order (EO) 13792, which directs the Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) to "review" all national monuments designated or expanded after January 1, 1996, that either include more than 100,000 acres of public lands or for which the Secretary determines inadequate "public outreach and coordination with relevant stakeholders" occurred. The Department of Commerce is conducting a separate review of five Marine Monuments. EO 13792 and the President's public statements upon signing that order reflect profound misunderstandings of both the nature of national monuments and the President's legal authority under the Antiquities Act."

Areas cut out of Utah monuments are rich in oil, coal, uranium
December 7, 2017

President Trump drastically reduced the size of two national monuments in Utah on Monday, potentially opening about 2 million acres of public land to mineral extraction and other activities in a state in which about 65 percent of all land is federally owned. The sites, Bears Ears and Grand Staircase-Escalante national monuments, contain rich troves of archaeological and paleontological finds in addition to large deposits of coal, uranium, oil and gas.